Emerging trends and New Drugs

The aim of the TREND scheme, which was established in 1999, is to provide information about illegal drug use and users, and on emerging phenomena. Emerging phenomena refer either to new phenomena or to existing phenomena that have not yet been detected by other observation systems. The observations are conducted in two social settings chosen due to the high likelihood of finding new or not as yet observed phenomena, even though these do not necessarily reflect the entire reality of the drug use in France:

  • urban areas, as defined by TREND, mainly cover low-threshold structures (CAARUDs) and open sites (street, squats). Most of the people met and observed in these settings are problem users of illegal drugs living in particularly precarious conditions.
  • Techno party settings refer to places where events are organised around techno music. These include so-called “alternative” techno settings (free-party, teknivals) and techno events in clubs, discothèques and private parties.

The system is based on data analysed by seven local coordinating sites (Bordeaux, Lille, Marseille, Metz, Paris, Rennes and Toulouse) that produce site reports, which are then extrapolated to a national level:

  • continuous qualitative data collection by the local coordination network, which has a common data collection and information strategy
  • the SINTES scheme, an observation system geared towards detecting and analysing the toxicological composition of illegal substances
  • recurring quantitative surveys, particularly among CAARUD users (ENa-CAARUD)
  • partner information system results
  • thematic quantitative and qualitative investigations that aim to gather more information about a particular subject.


Psychoactive substances, users and markets: recent trends (2015-2016)
Tendances N° 115, December 2016

Psychoactive substance use in France: recent trends (2014-2015)
Tendances N° 106, December 2015

Illegal or misused substances: recent trends (2013-2014)
Tendances N° 96, December 2014

Use of Ketamine in France: recent trends (2012-2013)
Brief, June 2014

Markets, products, users: recent trends (2011-2012)
Tendances N° 86, July 2013

Noteworthy phenomena and emerging trends in illegal drugs (2010-2011)
Tendances N° 78, February 2012

Illegal Drugs: the 2009 observations of the TREND system
Tendances N° 73, December 2010

The eight national report from the TREND system
Tendances N° 58, February 2008

Cocaine small-scale dealing in France
Tendances N° 53, April 2007

The seventh national report on the TREND system
Tendances N° 52, December 2006

Recent trends and new drugs in France - The results of the sixth national report on the TREND system : subject-based operations 2000-2004 and principal observations 2004
Tendances N° 45, December 2005

Recent trends and new drugs in France in 2002 - Results of the fourth national report
Tendances N° 31, July 2003

Emerging phenomena linked to the use of drugs in France in 2001
Tendances N° 23, July 2002

Emerging phenomena linked to drug use
Tendances N° 15, July 2001

Drugs in Europe

2016 EMCDDA European Drug Report

- Drug facts, figures and analyses: across Europe and by country
- Latest trends and legal, political and social responses
- Selected issues: Vulnerable groups of young people; National drug-related research in Europe; Towards a better understanding of drug-related public expenditure in Europe

Country situation summaries

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) website has a concise overview for each EU Member State on their national drug situation, as well as legal texts in their original formats, an indispensable tool for monitoring and analysing legislative developments in the Member States.

The European Union and the drug phenomenon

The European Union & the drug phenomenon : Frequently asked questions , joint publication between the EMCDDA and the European Commission, october 2010, 12 p.