Fifty years of penal response to drug use (1970-2020)
Tendances n° 144, OFDT, 12 p.
In recent years (2016-2020), an average of 180 000 people have been arrested every year by law enforcement services (police and gendarmerie) for a drug law offence in France. The majority of these proceedings are related to drug use, a mass litigation that resulted in more than 130 000 arrests in 2020.
In the context of a resurgence of public debate on sanctions for cannabis users, this issue of Tendances takes stock of half a century of criminal policies targeting drug use. It shows the systematisation, acceleration and diversification of responses to drug use litigation since the 2000s. It also highlights the main developments in the penal treatment of drug users who are arrested, which is increasingly rapid and focused on financial sanctions to the detriment of health measures.
Author : Ivana Obradovic
Download the PDF file (897 Ko)
Drugs in Europe
How is the COVID-19 pandemic affecting drug use, supply and services?
Drug use and harms
What are the health costs of drug use in Europe today?
What do the latest data tell us about drug production and trafficking trends?
These and other questions are explored in the 2021 European Drug Report, our annual overview of the drug situation in Europe.
The annual Statistical Bulletin contains the most recent available data on the drug situation in Europe provided by the Member States. These datasets underpin the analysis presented in the European Drug Report. All data may be viewed interactively on screen and downloaded in Excel format..
The European Union and the drug phenomenon
The European Union & the drug phenomenon : Frequently asked questions, joint publication between the EMCDDA and the European Commission, october 2010, 12 p.