The criminalization of drug use in France
Tendances n° 72, OFDT, 6 p.
Forty years after the passing of the original 31 December 1970 law prohibiting drug use, this edition of Tendances analyses the trends in arrests for narcotics use and the subsequent sentences handed down by the French legal system. For this purpose, we have used the available criminal data and emphasised the most recent period.
Using police statistics on arrests for narcotics use, Tendances aims to describe what happens after the police charge someone with narcotics use and throughout the ensuing criminal proceedings, from the Public Prosecutor referral phase to the sentencing phase. The main sources used for this analysis are the official statistics of the French criminal investigation department (which are centralised by the French Ministry of the Interior) and the French Ministry of Justice. However, there are problems of comparability between these sources.
The analysis of the changes in the way the French penal system handles narcotics use showed a dual trend of increased numbers of arrests for drug use and more diversification in the sentences handed down to drug users. The analysis also helps refute the widespread notion that increasingly fewer sentences are handed out for narcotics use in France.
Download the PDF file (238 Ko)
Drugs in Europe
What do the latest data tell us about the European drug market? What are the new trends in drug use among European adults and school students? What are the harms associated with drug use and what is being done to counter them? These and other questions are explored in the 2018 EMCDDA European Drug Report.
Country drug reports 2018
Developed by the EMCDDA, in cooperation with the Reitox national focal points, these graphic-rich reports cover: drug use and public health problems; drug policy and responses and drug supply.
The European Union and the drug phenomenon
The European Union & the drug phenomenon : Frequently asked questions, joint publication between the EMCDDA and the European Commission, october 2010, 12 p.