Drug use among 17-year-olds: initial results of the ESCAPAD 2011 survey
Tendances n°79, OFDT, 4 p.
In March 2011, the French Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction surveyed 27,402 metropolitan 17-year-olds on their use of legal and illegal psychoactive substances. Including this seventh edition of the ESCAPAD health and drug use survey, there is now over a decade’s worth of information available on drug use.
These initial results demonstrate that from 2008 to 2011, lifetime use1 of tobacco and alcohol continued to decline, while that of cannabis stabilised. Likewise, lifetime use of other illegal drugs, such as cocaine, ecstasy and heroin, is on the decline and showing levels of use that remain low. At the same time, regular tobacco and alcohol use rose, as have Heavy Episodic Drinking (HED), or repeated and regular drunkenness episodes. In contrast, cannabis, which remains the most frequently used illegal drug, was the only substance whose use in the last year and in the last month seemed to be on the decline. Regarding average ages of first time use, in 2011 teenagers reported later tobacco first time use (at 14.1 years of age) while first drunkenness episodes and cannabis first time use continued to take place at 15.3 years of age, on average. The results presented in this issue of Tendances will focus on these new trends and on teenagers’ relationship with alcohol. Furthermore, for the first time it will be possible to establish a three-year trend on the use of the main pharmaceutical classes of psychotropic medicine by 17-year-olds.
Stanislas Spilka, Olivier Le Nézet, Marie-Line Tovar
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Drugs in Europe
- Drug facts, figures and analyses: across Europe and by country
- Latest trends and legal, political and social responses
- Selected issues: Vulnerable groups of young people; National drug-related research in Europe; Towards a better understanding of drug-related public expenditure in Europe
Country situation summaries
The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) website has a concise overview for each EU Member State on their national drug situation, as well as legal texts in their original formats, an indispensable tool for monitoring and analysing legislative developments in the Member States.
The European Union and the drug phenomenon
The European Union & the drug phenomenon : Frequently asked questions , joint publication between the EMCDDA and the European Commission, october 2010, 12 p.