Criminal networks and indoor cannabis in Europe: has the phenomenon reached France?


Criminal networks and indoor cannabis in Europe: has the phenomenon reached France?

Drugs, International Challenges n°1, OFDT, 4 p.
May 2011


On 8 February 2011 in the Courneuve, a Paris suburb in the Seine-Saint Denis department, approximately 700 cannabis plants were discovered in a clandestine indoor plantation by the investigators of the OCRIEST (Central office on illegal immigration and employment) and the OCRTIS (Central office for the repression of drug-related offences). Although this plantation was not the first to be discovered on French territory, this case was particularly troubling for the authorities because it was an operational carbon copy of Dutch and British cannabis factories. As a result, major, fundamental concern was raised regarding the development of herbal cannabis supply. While in France cannabis tends to be supplied by small growers who produce mainly for their own personal needs, the Courneuve case begs the following question: Has organised crime penetrated French herbal cannabis production like in other countries in Europe? In order to fully understand the issues raised by this question, this article will first examine the current European cannabis market structure. Thereafter, it will discuss the situation in the main cannabis- producing European countries. Finally, it will examine the situation in France and the possible criminal risks that are taking shape.

David Weinberger

Download the PDF file (705 Ko)


Drugs in Europe

2016 EMCDDA European Drug Report

- Drug facts, figures and analyses: across Europe and by country
- Latest trends and legal, political and social responses
- Selected issues: Vulnerable groups of young people; National drug-related research in Europe; Towards a better understanding of drug-related public expenditure in Europe

Country situation summaries

The European Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug Addiction (EMCDDA) website has a concise overview for each EU Member State on their national drug situation, as well as legal texts in their original formats, an indispensable tool for monitoring and analysing legislative developments in the Member States.

The European Union and the drug phenomenon

The European Union & the drug phenomenon : Frequently asked questions , joint publication between the EMCDDA and the European Commission, october 2010, 12 p.